an underwater tunnel should be built to connect the railways in Nanjing
, but his dream was not realized for about 100 years. In 1929, Sun’s casket was transpor
ted to Pukou district along the Tientsin-Pukow Railway before being ferried to downtown Nanjing.
In 1930, John Alexander Low Waddell, a 76-year-old Canadian who was a
traffic consultant to the Chinese government, said the Yangtze in Nanjing was too deep and
was flowing too fast to construct a bridge, according to the Academy of Sociology.
The government launched large-scale investigations in 1936 and 1946 before dropping the pla
n. In 1956, the State Council, China’s Cabinet, proposed constructing the Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge.
To test the bridge’s load-bearing capacity, Xu Shiyou, who comma
nded the Nanjing Military Region, ordered an armored regim
ent to drive 118 amphibious tanks on the newly built structure at 8 am on Sept 25, 1969.
ched for 10 km, making it a memorable scene for a generation.
In October 2016, the bridge was closed for repairs after being open for almost 50 years. The 100,000 vehicles it carried each day far
exceeded its designed capacity of 8,000, causing many cracks to appear in the structure. It has been repaired 12 times since 2002.
Other problems it faced included falling mortar and metal fatigue.
The government decided to spend more than 1.1 billion yuan ($164 million) on the repairs.
The structure’s original concrete deck was replaced by a steel one, which is lighter and h
as greater durability. The replacement work was carried out above the 27,000-volt railway line. Any falling mater
ial, even a screw, would have caused a power failure and disrupted services on the busy Beijing-Shanghai Rail
way. Workers had to erect scaffolding and protective nets when no trains were passing.
The diameter of the lamp bases on the bridge were reduced by 5 ce
ntimeters, making the sidewalk wider and more convenient for pedestrians.
repaired and replaced. Some 202 of them, including images of sunflowers, landscapes
, workers and soldiers, have been placed on the two sets of railings on the bridge to maintain its original appearance.
Guo Jian, deputy director of the Nanjing Center of Public Project Construction, said
the bridge could be used safely for another 100 years if properly maintained.
“The comprehensive examination before the bridge was closed showed that it was in its prime,” he
said. “The bridge has been reliable for years, even after several ships collided with the piers. The flow of traf
fic and the speed of vehicles have far exceeded the original design but have not affected its solidity.”
Yang, from the Nanjing Institute for Urban and Transportation Planning and Des
ign, said the bridge will continue to serve as a major road, rail and marine structure.
“It has been a witness to and participant in the country’s 40 years of fast development. It will g
reatly help the economic and traffic development of Nanjing, the province and the country,” Yang added.
He also underlined the significance of a strong audience base in the fu
ture. “It’s about developing the audience for Chinese animated films – to create projec
ts that are more popular with broader appeal,” he said. “The most important thing is to tell a good story with i
nteresting characters, in a way that is fresh and new, different and exciting for the audience.”
Minkoff said the Chinese animation industry has grown vigorously over the past dec
ade. “I’ve seen improvements made in the quality of the animation, the production and the filmmaking.”
With the coming of the 5G era and virtual reality, he thinks it opens up new space for creativity and accessibility. “The changes in techno
logy are going to continue to improve and make it possible to make really interesting, different kinds of films, an
d put the tools of filmmaking and animation into more people’s hands, which I think would be very good,” the director said.
Besides the animated adaptation of Wolf Totem, Minkoff revealed to
China Daily he is working on a “secret” project inspired by Chinese culture. “The movie is bas
tte of standing on the right and walking on the left, is not the first city to abandon the
norm. Many cities in China, including Tianjin, Xi’an and Nanjing have dropped the practice.
“It used to be a courtesy not to block people walking on the escalat
or, but given the safety concerns and damage to the machines, holding the handrails and standi
ng still should be advocated,” lawyer Liu Linsheng was quoted as saying in the local news portal Eastday.
The new notices, although not compulsory, have won support from commuters.
“It’s been a habit for most to leave space on the left for those who walk
on escalators, so we may not be able to change our habits overnight,” said Peng Xu
an, a commuter in Shanghai. “But for the safety of everyone, if you want to walk or are in a hurry, you can use the stairs.”
Peng said he has seen some people fall while trying to move too quickly
on an escalator, adding that during peak hours standing on both sides is more efficient.
Globalization said about a third of graduate returnees to China with four-year degre
es currently earn less than 6,000 yuan ($893) a month, while 25 percent make between 6,000 and 8,000 yuan.
For students graduating with four-year degrees from China’s top 100 schools, monthly
salaries range between 6,000 and 9,000 yuan, according to a Guangming Daily report.
The salaries awaiting returnees to China are paltry compared with the high cost of overseas stu
dy, which has risen to an average 300,000 yuan per year for tuition, room and board, the CCG report said.
According to the 2018 Report on Chinese Students’ Overseas Study released by New Oriental Vision Overseas Consulting Co an
d Kantar Millward Brown, about 78 percent of Chinese students abroad planned to work in China either right af
ter graduation or after working overseas for a while, compared with 58 percent in 2016.
accelerating its transition from high-speed growth to high-quality develo
pment, as its economic structure continues to upgrade, and new momentum sustains remarkable growth.
China has adopted a proactive fiscal policy this year with greater intensity and enhanced efficiency, rolling out substa
ntial tax cuts and fee reductions, and its economic growth in the first quarter has gotten off to a good start, Liu said.
The minister said his country will continue to significantly relax ma
rket access, enhance the protection of intellectual property rights, and carry out larg
er-scale tax cuts and fee reductions, so as to create a more attractive investment and business environment.
On the sidelines of the Development Committee meeting, Liu met with David Malpass, the new World Bank president, as scheduled.
erate with the international lender, Liu said China is willing to continue deep
ening its cooperation with the World Bank on loan programs and knowledge-sharing.
China looks forward to cooperating with the multilateral development institution in such a
reas as improving the business environment, sharing China’s experience in poverty alleviation, and jointly estab
lishing a high-standard multilateral development and financing cooperation center, Liu said.
Meanwhile, China hopes the World Bank continues loan cooperation with C
hina in accordance with established rules, mak
ing it more innovative and a better model for such projects, and increasing its added value, Liu said.
For his part, Malpass praised China’s great achievement in alleviating poverty, noting that its experience is worth sharing.