All 15 films were selected from 775 aspiring nomina

tions from across 85 countries and regions worldwide, a noticea

ble rise from the pool of 659 films from the 71 nations and regions last year.

Helmed by US director Rob Minkoff as president, the jury panel consists of six other

members: Chilean director Silvio Gayoqi, Chinese director Cao Baoping, Russian director Sergei De Wattsvoy, Hon

g Kong actress Carina Lau, Iranian director Majid Majidi and British director Simon West.

Starring Shah Rukh Khan and Anushka Sha

rma, the Bollywood movie Zero will be screened as the closing film of the festival.

While the race for the awards is attracting insiders, a special segment titled Film in Panorama will screen 261 new

and classic films in 30 theaters over 15 days, providing a visual feast for film fans in the capital.

chenbenfu.cn

Mafia-style gang crimes are acts that include eleme

ments of outrage and public oppression. Crimes committed solely for economic gain

without such elements should not be handled as gang crimes, Jiang said. Also, to be iden

tified as a gang members, suspects must be aware of the mafia-style nature of the activities they are involved in.

“We’ve seen cases where judicial workers at the grassroots level have wrongly identifie

d mafia-style criminal gangs, so clarifying the legal definition is very important. Such g

angs are sometimes associated with crimes such as organizing prostitution and drug traffic

king, but it doesn’t mean that any group that is involved in such criminal activities can be handled as a mafia-style gang,”

said Lin Wei, vice-president of the University of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and an expert in law.

According to the directive, gang members who commit minor crimes or who cause little bodi

ly harm to others, and who confess, can be given lenient sentences or even exempted from punishment. But those w

ho commit brutal crimes and cause severe harm to society won’t receive leniency, even if they confess.

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Health, education authorities step up intervention on child

China’s health and education authorities pledged to work together to control child myopia on April 3.

Health departments will help schools and parents to conduct targeted intervention, said Ma Xia

owei, head of the National Health Commission, at a meeting between the commission and Ministry of Education.

Ma said priority would be given to young students, and health departments would assist scho

ols in measures such as increasing outdoor activities, as well as reducing electronic device use and homework.

Health departments will also carry out a special monitoring program on the eyesight of s

chool-age children and allocate more resources to the eyesight examinations, and counselling services, he said.

Education departments will supervise schools to take concrete measures and eval

uate their performance, Minister of Education Chen Baosheng said at the meeting.

qhfvc.com

The research was done by scientists from Tsinghua Un

niversity and the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Genetics and Development Biology. Their findings were published in the journal Science on Friday.

About 20 years ago, scientists discovered that plants, like animals, have robust immune sys

tems that can protect them from pathogens including viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites.

Plants also have a unique “lure and catch” immune response to de

al with pathogens that have breached their cellular defense, but exactly how this work

ed remained unknown, said Zhou Jianmin, a researcher at the institute and one of the main scientists behind the study.

To probe this mystery, Zhou and his team investigated a protein called AvrAC, which is pro

duced by a bacterial pathogen that causes black rot on cabbage. The bacterium injects AvrAC int

o plant cells, where it acts as a “biochemical weapon” weakening the plant’s immune system.

They discovered that some plants have evolved to carry a resistance protein called ZAR1 that can detect bacterial prot

eins like AvrAC. These plants use special proteins as “bait” and trick the bacterial protein into attacking them inst

ead. While the bait is being attacked, ZAR1 is activated to form a multiprotein structure called resistosome, Zhou said.

qianhuaes.com

Bank of Beijing planning venture with Dutch lenderCo Ltd said

Bank of Beijing Co Ltd said on Friday that it has got the necessary board approvals for the esta

blishment of a joint venture with Netherlands-based ING Bank NV, in which the latter will be the majority partner.

With a total investment of 3 billion yuan ($448 million), the forthcoming joint-venture bank, whic

h is still waiting for regulatory approval, may become China’s first commercial lender in which a for

eign shareholder has a controlling interest. According to the plan, ING Bank will hold a 51 percent stake, and Bank of Beijing 49 percent.

Drawing on the experience of ING Bank in the successful development of direct ba

nking services, the joint venture will build a brand in the area of digital banking with the help of financial tec

hnologies and try to become a benchmark in terms of the implementation of China’s push to further open

up its financial sector to foreign investors, said the mid-tier commercial lender BOB in an announcement.

Different from the traditional counter-based model, the direct banking model uses e-cha

nnels to provide financial products and therefore has no restriction of time, regions or geographic branches.

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But Bercow ruled that, according to parliamentary proc

  edure, the government could not repeatedly put a motion before lawmakers if it had been previously rejected in the same session.

  May’s deal suffered a second, crushing defeat last week when it was rejected by 149 votes.

  ”What the government cannot legitimately do is resubmit to the House the same pr

oposition — or substantially the same proposition — as that of last week, which was

rejected by 149 votes,” Bercow said in an unannounced statement on Monday.

  Third time lucky for Theresa May’s Brexit vote?

  Bercow said that, in his view, the first two motions on May’s Brexit deal were sufficiently different not to have broken parliamentary convention.

  The speaker did not set out what tests the government would have to meet if it was to succ

essfully submit its deal for a third vote, saying only it would have to be “fundamentally different.”

  In response, a Downing Street spokesperson said, “We note the speaker’s statement. This is a statement that requires proper consideration.”

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Preserving relics key objective of museums Palace Museum

The role of museums as cultural heritage institutions tasked with securing and preserving cultural relics cannot be weakened, an official said.

Liu Yuzhu, director of the National Cultural Heritage Administration and a national political adviser, stressed on Sunda

y that Chinese museums, especially those built on ruins or around ancient architecture, should stay the course.

Liu also pointed out that museums should maintain a level of elegance and not devolv

e into vulgar market fairs and commonplace entertainment venues so as to elevate the cultural IQ of the general public.

Visiting museums is an increasingly popular activity in China.

There has been an annual increase of about 100 million people visiting museums nationwide over the past three years, Liu said.

Over 40 percent of the 415 million people who traveled in China during the Spring Festival

holiday this year stepped into museums, according to China Tourism Academy.

He described Chinese museums as currently enduring “growing pains”, adding t

hat the country’s museums are tackling capacity limitations amid booming demand.

shlfweb.cn

But that’s changed in modern history. If you look only

  at vetoes since 1972, when Richard Nixon faced a Democratic-led Congress, most

of the vetoes have come when at least one chamber was not aligned with the President.

  Veto overrides, of course, are much more rare than vetoes. There

have been only 111 in the history of the country, and they have impact.

  One of the country’s few impeachments, Andrew Johnson’s, was precipitated by a veto override.

  In more recent history, the Clean Water Act in 1972 and an expansion of the Freedom of In

formation Act in 1974 both passed despite presidential vetoes. The last time an appropriations bill was ove

rridden was during Ronald Reagan’s administration in 1982, according to The American Presidency Project.

  George W. Bush vetoed 12 bills during his presidency and Congress overrode a quarter of them

ash521.cn

In 2018, the government introduced several policies to offer

 more support to private hospitals. According to the policies, private hospitals will have the same assessment system as

public hospitals, the government will not limit the opening of general clinics, third-party medical insti

tutions will have their own standards, and internet hospitals will be encouraged.

Judging from the policies, opening up the incremental market will c

ontinue to be an important direction for medical reform in the nex

t few years. At the same time, the government will also tighten the supervision of private hospitals, in the ho

pe of forming a diversified system with public hospitals being the main body, supplemented by private institutions.

On Nov 5 2018, President Xi Jinping gave a speech during the opening

ceremony of the China International Import Expo, stating that China is steadily expanding the

opening-up of the financial sector, and will loosen limitations on foreign investment in the medical field.

Market insiders said that this is a positive signal for China’s medical sector to attract foreign investment.

According to the notice issued by the government in 2000, forei

gn capital can contribute up to a 70 percent share of China’s medical institutions.

qckwb.cn

The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) will

give full play to its advantages and seek complementary and mutually beneficial cooperation on inn

ovation and technology in the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Ba

y Area, an official of the HKSAR government said in a recent interview with Xinhua.

The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area aims at building a globally influenti

al international innovation and technology hub, and Hong Kong’s role should be “capitalizing its

strengths to serve the country’s needs,” the HKSAR government’s Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nic

holas Yang said Tuesday, one day after China unveiled an outline development plan for the Greater Bay Area.

To build an international innovation and technology hub, Hong Kong has multiple advantages due to its world-class uni

versities, high international recognition and relatively low financing cost, according to Yang.

Home to four of the world‘s top 100 universities, Hong Kong i

s well recognized for its basic scientific research, he said, adding that the newly un

veiled outline development plan may encourage other elite universities around the globe to upgrade cooperation w

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