Sonam was born in Jone county in Gannan Tibetan

 autonomous prefecture of Gansu province. Under China’s et

hnic policies, Sonam was able to study at a middle school in northern Hebei province.

“There were many ethnic classes in our school, and many of my classmates were ethnic min

orities,” he said. After graduation, Sonam went for further study in Britain.

“I am from a small town, but education truly broadened my horizons,” he said.

Over the past decades, favorable policies have b

rought benefits to many children in Tibetan areas.

Sonam likes watching NBA games in his spare time. Fluent in C

hinese, Tibetan and English, he is also a fan of Tibetan rap

and occasionally hangs out with friends at a bar in downtown Beijing.

sh419cc.com

All 15 films were selected from 775 aspiring nomina

tions from across 85 countries and regions worldwide, a noticea

ble rise from the pool of 659 films from the 71 nations and regions last year.

Helmed by US director Rob Minkoff as president, the jury panel consists of six other

members: Chilean director Silvio Gayoqi, Chinese director Cao Baoping, Russian director Sergei De Wattsvoy, Hon

g Kong actress Carina Lau, Iranian director Majid Majidi and British director Simon West.

Starring Shah Rukh Khan and Anushka Sha

rma, the Bollywood movie Zero will be screened as the closing film of the festival.

While the race for the awards is attracting insiders, a special segment titled Film in Panorama will screen 261 new

and classic films in 30 theaters over 15 days, providing a visual feast for film fans in the capital.

chenbenfu.cn

Mafia-style gang crimes are acts that include eleme

ments of outrage and public oppression. Crimes committed solely for economic gain

without such elements should not be handled as gang crimes, Jiang said. Also, to be iden

tified as a gang members, suspects must be aware of the mafia-style nature of the activities they are involved in.

“We’ve seen cases where judicial workers at the grassroots level have wrongly identifie

d mafia-style criminal gangs, so clarifying the legal definition is very important. Such g

angs are sometimes associated with crimes such as organizing prostitution and drug traffic

king, but it doesn’t mean that any group that is involved in such criminal activities can be handled as a mafia-style gang,”

said Lin Wei, vice-president of the University of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and an expert in law.

According to the directive, gang members who commit minor crimes or who cause little bodi

ly harm to others, and who confess, can be given lenient sentences or even exempted from punishment. But those w

ho commit brutal crimes and cause severe harm to society won’t receive leniency, even if they confess.

www.ash419.cn

Health, education authorities step up intervention on child

China’s health and education authorities pledged to work together to control child myopia on April 3.

Health departments will help schools and parents to conduct targeted intervention, said Ma Xia

owei, head of the National Health Commission, at a meeting between the commission and Ministry of Education.

Ma said priority would be given to young students, and health departments would assist scho

ols in measures such as increasing outdoor activities, as well as reducing electronic device use and homework.

Health departments will also carry out a special monitoring program on the eyesight of s

chool-age children and allocate more resources to the eyesight examinations, and counselling services, he said.

Education departments will supervise schools to take concrete measures and eval

uate their performance, Minister of Education Chen Baosheng said at the meeting.

qhfvc.com

Tax and fee cuts are our key measures to tackle down

ward economic pressure this year. They are a major policy initiative. Cutting fees cou

ld serve multiple purposes. All government departments must do their best to e

ffectively ease the burden on businesses and deliver real benefits to consumers,” Li said.

The premier added, “This will also boost our industrial development.”

Participants at the meeting also worked out measures to reduce personal postal tax rates.

Starting from April 9, the tax rate for foods and medicine will be cut from 15 percent to 13 per

cent, and the tax rate on textiles and electrical appliances will be trimmed from 25 percent to 20 percent.

he government of Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture

in Sichuan province announced Thursday will be a day of mourning for those who died figh

ting a recent forest fire. No public entertainment activities will be held on Thursday, the government said.

Flags in Xichang city and Muli county were lowered to half-mast on Thursday to mourn the 30 peop

le – most of them firefighters – who died while putting out a large blaze in the Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture’s Muli county.

www.shlf66.cn

The research was done by scientists from Tsinghua Un

niversity and the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Genetics and Development Biology. Their findings were published in the journal Science on Friday.

About 20 years ago, scientists discovered that plants, like animals, have robust immune sys

tems that can protect them from pathogens including viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites.

Plants also have a unique “lure and catch” immune response to de

al with pathogens that have breached their cellular defense, but exactly how this work

ed remained unknown, said Zhou Jianmin, a researcher at the institute and one of the main scientists behind the study.

To probe this mystery, Zhou and his team investigated a protein called AvrAC, which is pro

duced by a bacterial pathogen that causes black rot on cabbage. The bacterium injects AvrAC int

o plant cells, where it acts as a “biochemical weapon” weakening the plant’s immune system.

They discovered that some plants have evolved to carry a resistance protein called ZAR1 that can detect bacterial prot

eins like AvrAC. These plants use special proteins as “bait” and trick the bacterial protein into attacking them inst

ead. While the bait is being attacked, ZAR1 is activated to form a multiprotein structure called resistosome, Zhou said.

qianhuaes.com

The sub-index for production, a major factor used in calcul

ating PMI, rose to a six-month high at 52.7 in March, up 3.2 percentage points from February.

The sub-index for new orders went up 1 percentage point from February to 51.6 in March, the highest in half a year, showing growing momentum in market orders.

The PMI for high-tech manufacturing, equipment manufacturing and consumer goods manufacturi

ng stood at 52, 51.2 and 51.4, respectively, all above the general manufacturing PMI, showing rising strength of new sources of growth.

Large companies saw the manufacturing PMI down 0.4 percentage points to 51.1, whereas t

he readings for medium-sized and small companies rose 3 and 4 percentage points, respectively.

China’s non-manufacturing activities pick up in March

The purchasing managers’ index (PMI) for China’s non-manufacturing sector came i

n at 54.8 in March, up from 54.3 in February, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) said Sunday.

ash001.cn

hina aims to reduce cost of logisticsna aims to reduce

 logistics costs by nearly 121 billion yuan ($17.8 billion) this year, the Ministry of Transport an

nounced on Thursday at a news conference of the State Council Information Office.

Spokesman Wu Chungeng said the ministry will unveil a st

ring of measures not only to cut costs but to promote innovative development of the industry.

China will continue to increase railway freight volume, upgrade its

water transportation system, regulate highway freight transport and speed up mul

timodal transport in a bid to improve its logistics network and optimize its structure, Wu said.

It will also further integrate important ports and harbors into the inland multimodal transport and logistics netw

ork, which will connect them with more railways and highways and enable improved cargo interoperability, he said.

The country will also expand the use of pilot programs to deepe

n reform of the administrative law enforcement system in the logistics industry to improve i

qzof2.cn

Stress-busters in demand as life gets hecticia platforms

Sales of anti-hair loss products, sleeping pills and aids show market revival

Chinese born in the 1990s, long troubled by hectic lifestyles marked by working till late, heavy

workload and career-related pressures, have a new problem to deal with: hair loss.

But certain manufacturers are sensing a big business opportunity

as products that promise to cure or prevent hair loss are seeing something of a revival.

Last year, among consumers who bought hair care and hair growth products on e-commerce platforms of Alib

aba Group Holding Ltd, 36 percent were born after 1990, and more than 38 percent were born between 1980 and 1990.

Middle-aged and senior consumers showed lower-than-expected demand for hair c

are products, according to a report by AliHealth, the health and medicine unit of Alibaba Group.

www.fhgwe.cn

Bank of Beijing planning venture with Dutch lenderCo Ltd said

Bank of Beijing Co Ltd said on Friday that it has got the necessary board approvals for the esta

blishment of a joint venture with Netherlands-based ING Bank NV, in which the latter will be the majority partner.

With a total investment of 3 billion yuan ($448 million), the forthcoming joint-venture bank, whic

h is still waiting for regulatory approval, may become China’s first commercial lender in which a for

eign shareholder has a controlling interest. According to the plan, ING Bank will hold a 51 percent stake, and Bank of Beijing 49 percent.

Drawing on the experience of ING Bank in the successful development of direct ba

nking services, the joint venture will build a brand in the area of digital banking with the help of financial tec

hnologies and try to become a benchmark in terms of the implementation of China’s push to further open

up its financial sector to foreign investors, said the mid-tier commercial lender BOB in an announcement.

Different from the traditional counter-based model, the direct banking model uses e-cha

nnels to provide financial products and therefore has no restriction of time, regions or geographic branches.

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