ments of outrage and public oppression. Crimes committed solely for economic gain
without such elements should not be handled as gang crimes, Jiang said. Also, to be iden
tified as a gang members, suspects must be aware of the mafia-style nature of the activities they are involved in.
“We’ve seen cases where judicial workers at the grassroots level have wrongly identifie
d mafia-style criminal gangs, so clarifying the legal definition is very important. Such g
angs are sometimes associated with crimes such as organizing prostitution and drug traffic
king, but it doesn’t mean that any group that is involved in such criminal activities can be handled as a mafia-style gang,”
said Lin Wei, vice-president of the University of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences and an expert in law.
According to the directive, gang members who commit minor crimes or who cause little bodi
ly harm to others, and who confess, can be given lenient sentences or even exempted from punishment. But those w
ho commit brutal crimes and cause severe harm to society won’t receive leniency, even if they confess.
niversity and the Chinese Academy of Sciences’ Institute of Genetics and Development Biology. Their findings were published in the journal Science on Friday.
About 20 years ago, scientists discovered that plants, like animals, have robust immune sys
tems that can protect them from pathogens including viruses, fungi, bacteria and parasites.
Plants also have a unique “lure and catch” immune response to de
al with pathogens that have breached their cellular defense, but exactly how this work
ed remained unknown, said Zhou Jianmin, a researcher at the institute and one of the main scientists behind the study.
To probe this mystery, Zhou and his team investigated a protein called AvrAC, which is pro
duced by a bacterial pathogen that causes black rot on cabbage. The bacterium injects AvrAC int
o plant cells, where it acts as a “biochemical weapon” weakening the plant’s immune system.
They discovered that some plants have evolved to carry a resistance protein called ZAR1 that can detect bacterial prot
eins like AvrAC. These plants use special proteins as “bait” and trick the bacterial protein into attacking them inst
ead. While the bait is being attacked, ZAR1 is activated to form a multiprotein structure called resistosome, Zhou said.
Bank of Beijing Co Ltd said on Friday that it has got the necessary board approvals for the esta
blishment of a joint venture with Netherlands-based ING Bank NV, in which the latter will be the majority partner.
With a total investment of 3 billion yuan ($448 million), the forthcoming joint-venture bank, whic
h is still waiting for regulatory approval, may become China’s first commercial lender in which a for
eign shareholder has a controlling interest. According to the plan, ING Bank will hold a 51 percent stake, and Bank of Beijing 49 percent.
Drawing on the experience of ING Bank in the successful development of direct ba
nking services, the joint venture will build a brand in the area of digital banking with the help of financial tec
hnologies and try to become a benchmark in terms of the implementation of China’s push to further open
up its financial sector to foreign investors, said the mid-tier commercial lender BOB in an announcement.
Different from the traditional counter-based model, the direct banking model uses e-cha
nnels to provide financial products and therefore has no restriction of time, regions or geographic branches.
more support to private hospitals. According to the policies, private hospitals will have the same assessment system as
public hospitals, the government will not limit the opening of general clinics, third-party medical insti
tutions will have their own standards, and internet hospitals will be encouraged.
Judging from the policies, opening up the incremental market will c
ontinue to be an important direction for medical reform in the nex
t few years. At the same time, the government will also tighten the supervision of private hospitals, in the ho
pe of forming a diversified system with public hospitals being the main body, supplemented by private institutions.
On Nov 5 2018, President Xi Jinping gave a speech during the opening
ceremony of the China International Import Expo, stating that China is steadily expanding the
opening-up of the financial sector, and will loosen limitations on foreign investment in the medical field.
Market insiders said that this is a positive signal for China’s medical sector to attract foreign investment.
According to the notice issued by the government in 2000, forei
gn capital can contribute up to a 70 percent share of China’s medical institutions.
give full play to its advantages and seek complementary and mutually beneficial cooperation on inn
ovation and technology in the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Ba
y Area, an official of the HKSAR government said in a recent interview with Xinhua.
The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area aims at building a globally influenti
al international innovation and technology hub, and Hong Kong’s role should be “capitalizing its
strengths to serve the country’s needs,” the HKSAR government’s Secretary for Innovation and Technology Nic
holas Yang said Tuesday, one day after China unveiled an outline development plan for the Greater Bay Area.
To build an international innovation and technology hub, Hong Kong has multiple advantages due to its world-class uni
versities, high international recognition and relatively low financing cost, according to Yang.
Home to four of the world‘s top 100 universities, Hong Kong i
s well recognized for its basic scientific research, he said, adding that the newly un
veiled outline development plan may encourage other elite universities around the globe to upgrade cooperation w